The ERASMUS programme was launched in June 1987 and in 2007 celebrated its 20th anniversary. It is arguably one of the best-known Community actions and encourages student and teacher mobility through decentralised actions implemented by National Agencies and promotes though centralised actions the transnational cooperation among Higher Education Institutions across Europe managed by the Executive Agency.
The Erasmus centralised actions under the Call 2010 are composed of three sub-actions, which are Multilateral Projects, Networks and Accompanying Measures.
Erasmus University Charter
The Charter gives new momentum and visibility to Erasmus.
The Charter highlights the distinguishing features of Erasmus mobility:
- the institutional foundation of Erasmus, being based on agreements between universities
- free tuition
- full recognition of studies abroad
The Charter also gives new visibility to the quality requirements and conditions for organising Erasmus mobility.
The Charter promotes and reinforces a strategic institutional approach and commitment to European co-operation in participating universities. It provides an opportunity for the universities to identify synergies between the SOCRATES programme and the Bologna process. It highlights the role of the SOCRATES programme in the building of the European Higher Education Area.
The Study Programmes activity aims at bringing together universities from different countries in order to adapt existing study programmes or to establish new and jointly devised study programmes. The promotion of quality and innovation in curriculum design together with full academic recognition of periods of study undertaken abroad are important features of the activity. In particular, new and highly selective courses at Master level are supported that eliminate shortages in human resources by pooling transnational teaching expertise in the field(s) concerned.