About Barcelos

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Barcelos is a quiet town in the north of Portugal, with about 126 000 inhabitants.
Inserted in the Green Coast area, Barcelos is surrounded by a beautiful landscape that involves the river Cávado.
Besides that wonderful scenery, the region is recognized for its gastronomy and handicraft, mainly pottery. The well known rooster of Barcelos is a national tourism symbol, together with the Legend of the Cock.
Being Catholicism the main religion, there is a large range of traditional celebrations in Barcelos, of which the most important is the annual Festival – Festa das Cruzes -, on the 3rd May, the local holiday.
Like Portuguese people in general, people from Barcelos are known for their hospitality and joy. Barcelos congratulates for its security, which means that it is a town where people can walk around at night with no special precautions.Located on a hill above the River Cávado, Barcelos is one of the prettiest places in the north of Portugal. From its origins as a settlement in Roman times, the town later developed into a flourishing agricultural centre and achieved political importance during the 15th century as the seat of the First Duke of Bragança.
Today, Barcelos is best known for its pottery, most notably the brightly-painted clay cockerel, whose crowing saved a man from the gallows according to the local legend. What to see. Built in 1704, the octagonal-shaped church of Senhor da Cruz was built over an old chapel where a local cobbler was said to have had a miraculous vision of a cross etched into the ground. Today the 500 year old Feast of the Crosses occurs each May in this church. Home to the huge weekly market, the centrally-located Campo da República is one of the largest open squares in Portugal. Each Thursday, visitors can browse amongst the market’s vast range of Portuguese pottery, most of which is handmade in small cottages and factories in the surrounding countryside. Destroyed by the great earthquake of 1755, the ruins of the Dukes of Bragança Palace now serve as an open-air museum featuring a 15th-century cross depicting the story of the cockerel. Nearby. At Areias de Vilar, 7 km from Barcelos, the 15th-century Benedictine church of Vilar de Frades features a west front dating back to the 11th century.

BARCELOS COCK

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A Portuguese icon since the nationalist campaign of the “Estado Novo” regime, the Barcelos cockerel is part of an enormous collection of the northern ceramics. It owes its creation to a legend that tells the story of a Galician sentenced to hang and saved by a cockerel, which crowed after dying to prove the man’s innocence. It is said that the Galician returned to the town and erected a cross, known as “Senhor do Galo”, in recognition of the help given by the Virgin Mary and Saint James. The monument is currently in Barcelos Archaeological Museum. Defining the image of the Barcelos cockerel over the years is no easy task, with the shape of the animal having been honed by craftsmen over the years.
Only later would the form become what can be seen in the photo.

Additional Information:

About Barcelos: http://www.cm-barcelos.pt/
About Portugal: http://www.visitportugal.com

By airplane: HOW TO GET TO BARCELOS

Nearest airport: Oporto
More information about Portuguese airports: www.ana-aeroportos.ptBy train:
Go to Oporto station (Campanhã) and there get a train to Barcelos
More information about Portuguese Rail: www.cp.pt

By coach:
There are regular coaches to Barcelos.
More about transport companies at: www.rede-expressos.pt and http://www.transdev.pt/

Find additional information to travel in Portugal at http://www.transpor.pt/

Distance – from Barcelos to:
Lisbonn: 350 Km
Oporto: 50 Km
Braga: 20 Km
the Atlantic Coast (beaches): 20 Km
the border with Spain: 60 Km

How to arrive

Plain

A) Aeroporto Sá Carneiro (Oporto)
IC 1 – Porto – Apúlia à IC 14 à Barcelos

B) Aeroporto da Portela (Lisbon)
A1 Lisboa – Porto à A3 Porto-Bragaà EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

C) Aeroporto de Vigo (Spain)
Auto-Pista Atlântico (Vigo-Portugal) à A3 Valença- Barcelos à EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

Train

Braga à Nine à Barcelos (Local)
Porto à Nine à Barcelos (Minho)
Lisboa à Porto à Nine à Barcelos (North)
Vigo à Valença à Viana do Castelo à Barcelos (International)
Madrid à Entroncamento à Porto à Barcelos (Internationall)

Car

EN 103 – Braga – Barcelos

EN 103 – Valença – Viana Do Castelo – Barcelos

EN 103-1 – Esposende – Barcelos

EN 205 – Povoa De Varzim – Barcelos

EN 205 – Vila Verde – Prado – Barcelos

EN 206 – Povoa De Varzim – Fontaínhas à EN 306 Fontainhas – Barcelos

EN 206 – Guimarães – Vila Nova de Famalição – Barcelos

EN 204 – Vila Nova de Famaliçao – Barcelos

EN 204 – Ponte de Lima – Barcelos

IC 14 – Apúlia – Barcelos

IC 1 – Porto – Barcelos à IC 14 à Vila Seca à EN 205 – Póvoa de Varzim – Barcelos

A1 – Lisboa – Porto à A3 Porto – Bragaà EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

Santiago Compostela / Vigo(Spain) – Auto-Pista Atlântico (Vigo-Portugal) à A3 Valença – Barcelos à EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

IP4 – Quintanilha – Bragança – Vila Real à A4 Vila Real – Porto à A3 Porto-Barcelos à EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

IP5 – Vilar Formoso – Aveiro à A1 Aveiro – Porto à A3 Porto-Barcelos à EN 103 Braga – Barcelos

Legend:
EN – National Road
A – High-way
IP – Speed-way
IC – Speed-way